• Official name: Hlavní město Praha (Capital of Prague)
  • Population: 1,212,097 (as of 31 December 2007)
  • Area: 496 km2
  • Number of municipalities: 22 administrative districts, 57 municipal districts
  • NUTS II: Prague

Prague, the city of a hundred spires; Prague, the heart of Europe; golden Prague; magical Prague or Praga caput regni (Prague, head of the kingdom) are just a few of the many names for the capital city of the Czech Republic – a city which has played a major role not only in the history of the Czech nation but also in the history of Europe. A city that has been considered, since medieval times, to be one of the most beautiful in the world.

HradčanyIt is thus not surprising that Prague is the Czech Republic’s most significant urban conservation zone. Centuries of architectural development led to the creation of a unique collection of historical landmarks, exceptional in size as well as in the concentration of historical monuments.

Different architectural styles mingle, and their symbiosis creates the unique atmosphere of the city. Since 1992, Prague’s historic centre with a total area of 866 hectares has been listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Old Town Hall with astronomical clock

Old Town HallPrague is also the seat of the highest legislative, administrative and political bodies of the Czech Republic – the Parliament, the Government, the President of the Republic. It is also home to the most important social, cultural and educational institutions and the cultural metropolis for the entire Czech Republic. Dozens of museums, galleries, theatres and a wide variety of other cultural institutions operate here.

Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with its astronomical clock, the Jewish Town and, last but not least, the lookout tower on Petřín Hill are the most visited historical monuments. Prague is also the “entrance gate” of the Czech Republic.

Regional projects

In addition to its natural and cultural heritage, the region boasts a variety of successful projects. The most interesting among them have been selected by the region itself.

Prague Camera System

This project monitors all major traffic arteries of the city. The displayed pictures are updated every minute.

Blanka Tunnel

The improvement of the traffic situation and the environment is one of the capital’s top priorities. Both depend, to a large degree, on the completion of the inner and outer ring roads. The main goal for the upcoming period is the completion of the outer ring road, because its operation is vital to the operation of the inner municipal ring. An important part of the project is the Blanka tunnel complex - currently the largest underground construction project in the Czech Republic with a total length of 6382 meters. The complex includes the longest tunnel in the Czech Republic and the longest city tunnel in Europe, and also the longest bored tunnel in the country with a length of 2.23 km.


This project provides an information service on the environment in 24 selected municipal districts determined by the JPD2 Programme (atmosphere, noise, nature and landscape).

Anti-Corruption Portal

The portal is a tool enabling citizens to alert the City Hall to any activities of its civil servants that the citizens perceive as corrupt. An alert may be filed electronically or in writing at the Prague City Hall or at the main post office in Prague. The portal is an original project based on modern anti-corruption trends in other countries.

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Last update: 16.8.2011 16:02

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